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  1. Research article

    Assessment of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis in Orthopaedics and Traumatology Surgical Unit of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in Addis Ababa

    Prophylactic antimicrobials have a starring role in prevention of surgical site infection. This study assesses the practice of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) and development of surgical site infectio...

    Nitsuh Alemayehu Argaw, Kibruyisfawe Zewdie Shumbash, Alemseged Ayele Asfaw and Segewkal Hawaze

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:160

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  2. Project Note

    Profile and professional expectations of medical students from 11 Latin American countries: the Red-LIRHUS project

    Latin America is undergoing a human resource crisis in health care in terms of labor shortage, misdistribution and poor orientation to primary care. Workforce data are needed to inform the planning of long-ter...

    Percy Mayta-Tristán, Reneé Pereyra-Elías, Juan José Montenegro-Idrogo, Christian R. Mejia, Fiorella Inga-Berrospi and Edward Mezones-Holguín

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:159

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Assessing the status of iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) and associated factors in Wolaita and Dawro Zones School Adolescents, southern Ethiopia

    Iodine deficiency is the major preventable cause of irreversible mental retardation in the world. Ethiopia is a country with high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders which continue to affect a large numb...

    Shimelash Bitew Workie, Yemane Gebremariam Abebe, Amha Admasie Gelaye and Tefera Chane Mekonen

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:156

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  4. Research article

    Ethnopharmacologic survey of medicinal plants used to treat human diseases by traditional medical practitioners in Dega Damot district, Amhara, Northwestern Ethiopia

    One of the services that plants provide for human beings is their wider medicinal application. Although it is not fully assessed, the practice and wider use of traditional medicine is frequent in Ethiopia. Stu...

    Muluken Wubetu, Tefera Abula and Getye Dejenu

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:157

    Published on: 18 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Bacterial flora of combat wounds from eastern Ukraine and time-specified changes of bacterial recovery during treatment in Ukrainian military hospital

    Microbiology of modern war wounds is unique for each military conflict. Climatic and geographical features of the theater of war, contemporary warfare as well as wound management affect the microbial flora of ...

    Kovalchuk P. Valentine and Kondratiuk M. Viacheslav

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:152

    Published on: 7 April 2017

  6. Research article

    No evidence of a role of the β4 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in alcohol-related behaviors

    Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors have gained attention in the last several years as mediators of alcohol-related behaviors. The genes that code for the α5, α3, and β4 subunits (Chrna5, Chrna3, and Chrnb4, respec...

    Helen M. Kamens, Constanza Silva, Riley McCarthy, Ryan J. Cox and Marissa A. Ehringer

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:151

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  7. Short Report

    Performance of variable selection methods using stability-based selection

    Variable selection is frequently carried out during the analysis of many types of high-dimensional data, including those in metabolomics. This study compared the predictive performance of four variable select...

    Danny Lu, Aalim Weljie, Alexander R. de Leon, Yarrow McConnell, Oliver F. Bathe and Karen Kopciuk

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:143

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Pichia pastoris versus Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a case study on the recombinant production of human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor

    Recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) is a glycoprotein that has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of neutropenia and leukemia in combination with chemotherapie...

    Anh-Minh Tran, Thanh-Thao Nguyen, Cong-Thuan Nguyen, Xuan-Mai Huynh-Thi, Cao-Tri Nguyen, Minh-Thuong Trinh, Linh-Thuoc Tran, Stephanie P. Cartwright, Roslyn M. Bill and Hieu Tran-Van

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:148

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  9. Research article

    Expansion of highly stable bla OXA-10 β-lactamase family within diverse host range among nosocomial isolates of Gram-negative bacilli within a tertiary referral hospital of Northeast India

    The current study reports dissemination of highly stable bla OXA-10 family of beta lactamases among diverse group of nosocomial isolates of Gram-negative bacilli within a tertiary refer...

    Anand Prakash Maurya, Debadatta Dhar, Mridul Kumar Basumatary, Deepjyoti Paul, Birson Ingti, Debarati Choudhury, Anupam Das Talukdar, Atanu Chakravarty, Shweta Mishra and Amitabha Bhattacharjee

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:145

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  10. Research article

    Genetic polymorphisms in Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance genes, pfcrt and pfmdr1, in North Sulawesi, Indonesia

    Malaria still poses one of the major threats to human health. Development of effective antimalarial drugs has decreased this threat; however, the emergence of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum, a cause of Mala...

    Patrick Reteng, Visia Vrisca, Inka Sukarno, Ilham Habib Djarkoni, Jane Angela Kalangi, George Eduardo Jacobs, Lucky Ronald Runtuwene, Yuki Eshita, Ryuichiro Maeda, Yutaka Suzuki, Arthur Elia Mongan, Sarah Maria Warouw, Junya Yamagishi and Josef Tuda

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:147

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  11. Research article

    Molecular clonality analysis of esophageal adenocarcinoma by multiregion sequencing of tumor samples

    Intratumor heterogeneity has been demonstrated in several cancer types, following a model of branched evolution. It is unknown to which extent intratumor heterogeneity is applicable to esophageal adenocarcinom...

    Anna M. J. van Nistelrooij, Ronald van Marion, Linetta B. Koppert, Katharina Biermann, Manon C. W. Spaander, Hugo W. Tilanus, J. Jan B. van Lanschot, Bas P. L. Wijnhoven and Winand N. M. Dinjens

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:144

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  12. Short Report

    Situational analysis of communication of HIV and AIDS information to persons with visual impairment: a case of Kang’onga Production Centre in Ndola, Zambia

    Despite the increases in health promotion and educational programs on HIV and AIDS, lack of information and communication on HIV and AIDS for the visually impaired persons continues. The underlying factors tha...

    Grace Nsangwe Chintende, Doreen Sitali, Charles Michelo and Oliver Mweemba

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:150

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  13. Research article

    Prevalence and pattern of dyslipidemia in Nepalese individuals with type 2 diabetes

    Atherogenic dyslipidemia is an important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease among patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Timely detection and characterization of this condition help clinicians es...

    Daya Ram Pokharel, Dipendra Khadka, Manoj Sigdel, Naval Kishor Yadav, Shreedhar Acharya, Ramchandra Kafle, Ravindra Mohan Sapkota and Tara Sigdel

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:146

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Stem loop-mediated isothermal amplification test: comparative analysis with classical LAMP and PCR in detection of Entamoeba histolytica in Kenya

    Entamoeba histolytica, the causative agent for amoebiasis is a considerable burden to population in the developing countries where it accounts for over 50 million infections. The tools...

    Fridah Mwendwa, Cecilia K. Mbae, Johnson Kinyua, Erastus Mulinge, Gitonga Nkanata Mburugu and Zablon K. Njiru

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:142

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Relationship between hyperglycemia, antioxidant capacity and some enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants in African patients with type 2 diabetes

    Studies demonstrate that free radicals are involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. The aim of this study was to determine the implication of total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and some enzymatic ...

    Constant Anatole Pieme, Jérôme Antony Tatangmo, Gustave Simo, Prosper Cabral Biapa Nya, Vicky Jocelyne Ama Moor, Bruno Moukette Moukette, Francine Tankeu Nzufo, Borgia Legrand Njinkio Nono and Eugene Sobngwi

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:141

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  16. Research article

    Prevalence and risk factors associated with female anal sex in the context of HIV/AIDS in the selected districts of Tanzania

    Female anal sex is a receptive type of sexual practice among heterosexual couples where the penis is inserted into the anus of a female partner. In the Western world, a number of studies and interventions have...

    Elizabeth H. Shayo, Akili A. Kalinga, Kesheni P. Senkoro, Judith Msovela, Erick J. Mgina, Angela E. Shija, Godlisten Materu, Stella P. Kilima, Leonard E. G. Mboera and Julius J. Massaga

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:140

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  17. Research article

    RANTES levels in peripheral blood, CSF and contused brain tissue as a marker for outcome in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes activation of several neurochemical and physiological cascades, leading to neurological impairment. We aimed to investigate the level of novel chemokine RANTES in plasma, ce...

    Venencia Albert, Arulselvi Subramanian, Deepak Agrawal, Sanjeev Kumar Bhoi, Pooja Pallavi and A. K. Mukhopadhayay

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:139

    Published on: 24 March 2017

  18. Short Report

    Validating a self-report measure of HIV viral suppression: an analysis of linked questionnaire and clinical data from the Canadian HIV Women’s Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study

    We assessed the validity of a self-report measure of undetectable viral load (VL) among women with HIV in British Columbia (BC), Canada. Questionnaire data from the Canadian HIV Women’s Sexual and Reproductive...

    Allison Carter, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Mona Loutfy, Erin Ding, Paul Sereda, Kath Webster, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Robert S. Hogg and Angela Kaida

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:138

    Published on: 24 March 2017

  19. Short Report

    Identification of cattle, buffaloes and rodents as reservoir animals of Leptospira in the District of Gampaha, Sri Lanka

    Leptospirosis is an important emerging infectious disease in Sri Lanka. Rats are the most important reservoir of Leptospira but domestic and wild mammals may also act as important maintenance or accidental hosts....

    D. T. H. Denipitiya, N. V. Chandrasekharan, W. Abeyewickreme, R. A. Hartskeerl and M. D. Hapugoda

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:134

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  20. Research article

    Gene expression differences between PAXgene and Tempus blood RNA tubes are highly reproducible between independent samples and biobanks

    Gene expression profiling from blood is sensitive to technology choices. For example, the main blood RNA collection systems—the PAXgene and Tempus tubes—differently influence RNA expression signatures. The aim...

    Anne Heidi Skogholt, Einar Ryeng, Sten Even Erlandsen, Frank Skorpen, Svanhild A. Schønberg and Pål Sætrom

    BMC Research Notes 2017 10:136

    Published on: 23 March 2017

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