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Table 2 Crude and adjusted odds ratio for risk factors for hypertension among adults in San Juan de Miraflores region of Lima, Peru, 2006.

From: Hypertension among adults in a deprived urban area of Peru – Undiagnosed and uncontrolled?

  Crude Adjusted1 (n = 505)
  Odds ratio
(95% CI)
p value Odds ratio
(95% CI)
p value
Sex     
   Female 1   1  
   Male 1.9 (1.0, 3.5) 0.038 1.7 (0.8, 3.3) 0.135
Age group     
   >30 years 1   1  
   30–49 years 4.5 (1.6, 12.7) 0.005 4.5 (1.3, 15.4) 0.018
   50+ years 19.1 (6.1, 60.2) <0.001 18.9 (4.9, 73.1) <0.001
BMI     
   Not overweight 1   1  
   Overweight 2.5 (1.2, 5.2) 0.018 1.9 (0.8, 4.7) 0.138
   Obese 2.3 (0.9, 5.7) 0.085 2.2 (0.8, 6.1) 0.133
Household bedroom ratio (quartiles)     
   1 (lowest) 1   1  
   2 0.7 (0.3, 1.7) 0.439 1.1 (0.4, 2.6) 0.880
   3 0.5 (0.2, 1.2) 0.102 0.7 (0.2, 1.7) 0.395
   4 (highest) 0.4 (0.2, 1.0) 0.049 0.6 (0.2, 1.4) 0.222
Number of years of education     
   0 11.0 (1.2, 98.4) 0.032 1.1 (0.1, 21.7) 0.936
   1 to 6 2.6 (0.6, 12.4) 0.234 1.8 (0.3, 9.4) 0.499
   7 to 11 2.5 (0.5, 11.0) 0.238 2.3 (0.5, 11.3) 0.311
   12 to 21 1   1  
  1. 1 adjusted for all other variables listed in the table; CI confidence interval. Adjusted for clustering.