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Figure 5 | BMC Research Notes

Figure 5

From: Drosophila phosphopantothenoylcysteine synthetase is required for tissue morphogenesis during oogenesis

Figure 5

PtdIns(4,5)P 2 localization and expression is affected in dPPCS1/1. We overexpressed a PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein [25] under the control of a ubiquitously expressed Act5C-GAL4 driver to analyze PtdIns(4,5)P2 localization and expression in a wt (A,B,E,G) and dPPCS1/1 (C,D,F,H) background. (A,B) During wt oogenesis, the PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein is present at the border cells (asterisk) and the apical membranes of the follicle cells that encapsulate the oocyte compartment, while the nurse cell membranes do not accumulate the fusion protein. (C,D) In dPPCS1/1 egg chambers, the PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein is not present at the apical membranes of the follicle cells that encapsulate the oocyte (arrowheads) and large patches of follicle cells are not labeled (dashed lines). In mutant ovaries, the follicular epithelium is sometimes disrupted (arrows in C), and the nurse cell membranes accumulate patches of high levels of the PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein (arrow in D). The PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein was also frequently detected at membranes of cells that are (based on their localization) most likely border cells (boxed arrowhead in D). (E-H) For further analysis, F-actin organization was analyzed in combination with localization of the PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein. (Ea-Ec) In wt egg chambers, the oocyte cortex is in close contact with the apical membranes of the follicle cells, which accumulate the PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein. (F) In dPPCS1/1 egg chambers, the oocyte cortex is disrupted (arrowheads in Fa) and the follicle cells do not accumulate the PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein (arrowheads and dashed lines in Fb). Arrows point to defects in cell organization of the follicular epithelium. (G) Higher magnification of a wt egg chamber, showing that the PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein accumulates at the apical membranes of follicle cells in close contact with the oocyte cortex (boxed arrowheads). (H) Higher magnification of a dPPCS1/1 egg chamber, showing that the apical membranes of follicle cells in close contact with the oocyte cortex do not accumulate the PLCδ-PH-GFP fusion protein (arrowheads in Ha). This coincides with impaired oocyte cortex morphology and aberrant F-actin nucleation (arrow in Hb). DAPI was used to visualize DNA. Scale bars: 150 μm (A,C), 100 μm (B,D), 50 μm (E-H).

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