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Table 1 Renal function in relation to gadolinium exposure (creatinine laboratory reference range = 0.7 – 1.2 mg/dL; BUN laboratory reference range = 8 – 23 mg/dL).

From: Absence of human herpes virus-8 (HHV8) in nephrogenic systemic fibrosis

Patient 73-year-old male 78-year-old male
Gadolinium exposure Lumbar MRI Upper extremity MRA
Renal function Creatinine mg/dL BUN mg/dL Creatinine mg/dL BUN mg/dL
Before exposure 0.7 21 2.6 85
1st gadolinium exposure 2.3 53 6.0 44
2nd gadolinium exposure 2.4 127 4.7 58
Current (post exposure) 3.1 80 8.6 84
  1. MRI = magnetic resonance imaging. MRA = magnetic resonance angiography. BUN = blood urea nitrogen