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Table 3 Echocardiographic Diagnoses in the 1441 subjects

From: Spectrum of heart diseases in a new cardiac service in Nigeria: An echocardiographic study of 1441 subjects in Abeokuta

  All (n = 1441) Males(n = 744) Females (n = 697)
Diagnosis Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Frequency Percent
Hypertensive Heart Disease 817 56.7 447 60.2 370 53.0
Normal Study 449 31.2 207 27.8 242 34.6
Valvular Heart Disease 53 3.7 20 2.8 33 4.7
   • Rheumatic MR 30 - 12 - 18 -
   • Rheumatic MS 8 - 4 - 4 -
   • Rheumatic AR 2 - 2 - 0 -
   • Mixed type 7 - 4 - 3 -
   • Degenerative MS 1 - 0 - 1 -
   • AR Associated with Marfan's Syndrome 1 - 1 - 0 -
   • AS associated with Bicuspid aorta 1 -   - 0 -
   • Mitral Valve Prolapse 3 - 3 - 0 -
Cardiomyopathy 44 3.0 21 2.8 23 3.3
   • Idiopathic DCM 34 - 18 - 16 -
   • Doxorubicin Induced CM 1 - 0 - 1 -
   • Peripartum CM 4 - 0 - 4 -
   • EMF 4 - 2 - 2 -
   • HOCM 1 - 1 - 0 -
Pericardial Diseases 26 1.8 20 2.8 6 0.9
Pericarditis 25 - 19 - 6 -
   • Effusive 8 - 4 - 4 -
   • Effusive-constrictive 13 - 12 - 1 -
   • Constrictive 4 - 3 - 1 -
Pericardial cyst 1 - 1 - 0 -
Cor-pulmonale 23 1.6 13 1.8 10 1.4
   • COPD 20 - 12 - 8 -
   • HIV Associated Pulmonary Hypertension 2 - 1 - 1 -
   • Primary Pulmonary Hypertension 1 - 0 - 1 -
Ischaemic Heart Disease 9 0.6 8 1.1 1 0.1
Adult Congenital Heart Disease 6 0.4 1 0.1 5 0.7
   • Ostium primum ASD 1 - 0 - 1 -
   • Dextrocardia 1 - 0 - 1 -
   • VSD 1 - 1 - 0 -
   • Pulmonary stenosis 1 - 0 - 1 -
   • Tetralogy of Fallot 1 - 0 - 1 -
   • Partial endocardial cushion defect 1 - 0 - 1 -
Diabetic Heart Disease 6 0.4 4 0.5 2 0.3
Thyroid Heart Disease 6 0.4 0 0.00 6 0.9
Sickle Cell Cardiopathy 1 0.1 0 0.00 1 0.14
Atrial Tumour 1 0.1 1 0.1 0 0.00