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Table 1 Characteristics of monks and novices

From: Smoking prevalence, determinants, knowledge, attitudes and habits among Buddhist monks in Lao PDR

Variables Total
  N %
Age (Mean = 19.84; Min = 12; Max = 45; SD = 5.47)   
   ≤ 14 yrs 36 9.2
   15 – 24 yrs 296 75.9
   ≥ 25 yrs 58 14.9
Religious Education   
   Yes 340 87.2
   No 50 12.8
If yes, how many years (Mean = 3.58; SD = 2.410)   
   1 – 2 yrs 134 39.4
   3 – 4 yrs 107 31.5
   5 – 6 yrs 69 20.3
   7 – 15 yrs 30 8.8
Age initiation of monkhood (Mean = 14.78; Min = 8; Max = 45; SD = 4.41)   
   ≤ 14 yrs 228 58.5
   15 – 24 yrs 152 39.0
   ≥ 25 yrs 10 2.5
Duration of monkhood (Mean = 4.92; Min = 0; Max = 28; SD = 4.07)   
   ≤ 5 yrs 255 65.4
   6 – 10 yrs 94 24.1
   >11 yrs 41 10.5
Status of monks/novices   
   Monks, fully-pledged 148 37.9
   Novices 242 62.1
Administrative position   
   Abbot/Administrative 20 5.1
   Monk/Novice 370 94.9
Family member smoking   
   No 111 28.5
   Yes 279 71.5
Public offered cigarettes to monks   
   No 336 86.2
   Yes 54 13.8