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Table 4 Monk's and novice's knowledge and attitudes by smoking status

From: Smoking prevalence, determinants, knowledge, attitudes and habits among Buddhist monks in Lao PDR

Variables Non smoker Current smoker Total *p-value
  Correct Correct Correct  
Knowledge of smoking on health N % N % N %  
a. Smoking is harmful 303 99.7 85 98.8 388 99.5 .393
b. Nicotine in tobacco is highly addictive 266 87.5 73 84.9 339 86.9 .587
c. People can get addicted to cigarettes like they can get addicted to cocaine or heroin** 256 84.2 60 69.8 316 81.0 .005
d. Passive smoking increases the risk of heart disease in non-smoking adults 261 85.9 71 82.6 332 85.1 .492
e. Passive smoking increases the risk of lung diseases in non-smoking adults 293 96.4 82 95.3 375 96.2 .750
f. Smoking increases the risk of heart diseases 264 86.8 73 84.9 337 86.4 .721
g. Smoking increases the risk of LRI 296 97.4 82 95.3 378 96.9 .308
h. Tobacco kills more people each year than illegal drugs, AIDS & car crashes 160 52.6 41 47.7 201 51.5 .464
i. Quitting smoking reduces risk 295 97.0 84 97.7 379 97.2 1.000
j. Know about smoking law in religious places* 145 47.7 53 61.6 198 50.8 .028
k. Know their temple's smoking rule 127 41.8 44 51.2 171 43.8 .140
l. Smoke from cigarettes is harmful to people who are repeated exposed 290 95.4 81 94.2 371 95.1 .582
Attitudes towards anti-smoking activities Positive Positive Positive *p-value
  N % N % N %  
a. Smoking in all enclosed public places be banned 276 90.8 79 91.9 355 91 1.000
b. Smoking should be banned at the temple 264 86.6 67 77.9 331 84.9 .059
c. Offering tobacco to the monks should be prohibited* 215 70.7 50 58.1 265 67.9 .036
d. Monks should refuse cigarettes offered to them 99 32.6 19 22.1 118 30.3 .064
e. If Monks don't smoke, people would respect more 276 90.8 74 86 350 89.7 .227
f. Monks should routinely advise people to quit smoking* 288 94.7 75 87.2 363 93.1 .027
g. There should be campaign to the public not to offer cigarettes to monks 250 82.2 64 74.4 314 80.5 .123
h. There should be a project to quit smoking or smoking cessation for smoking monks/novices 289 95.1 80 93.0 369 94.6 .427
i. People did not accept monks who smoke (smoking monks) 196 64.5 56 65.1 252 64.6 1.000
j. Monks who use tobacco are less likely to advise people stop smoking 222 73.0 60 69.8 282 72.3 .586
  1. *P-value from Chi2-test and Fischer's exact test