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Table 4 Undiagnosed hypertension and diabetes mellitus prevalences and adjusted effects of overweight and obesity on adults.

From: Obesity and overweight prevalences in rural and urban populations in East Spain and its association with undiagnosed hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus: a cross-sectional population-based survey

  Hypertension Diabetes
Risk factor Prevalence
(%)
RPR 95%CI P-value Prevalence
(%)
RPR 95%CI P-value
Normal-weight† 4.2 -   - 7.8 -   -
Overweight 10.6 2.00 1.21–3.32 0.007 9.8 0.90 0.61–1.33 NS
Obese 16.9 1.91 1.48–2.46 <0.001 22.4 1.50 1.25–1.81 <0.001
  1. Hypertension: Subjects with systolic pressure > 140 mmHg and diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg
  2. Diabetes: Subjects with venous gycaemia before breakfast > 126 g/dl
  3. Normal-weight: Subjects with BMI < 25 Kg/m2
  4. Overweight: Subjects with BMI = 25–29.9 Kg/m2
  5. Obese: Subjects with BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m2
  6. RPR: Relative Prevalence Ratio adjusted for age, gender and place of residence
  7. † Referent group
  8. P-value based on Pearson's chi-square test
  9. NS = Non-Significant