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Table 2 Risk factors associated with Hepatitis C in Males

From: Determination of risk factors for hepatitis B and C in male patients suffering from chronic hepatitis

Risk factors   HCV
(n = 723)
Controls
(n = 723)
Odds Ratio (OR)
95% Confidence Interval (CI)
P-value
   No % No %   
Any family member suffering from hepatitis B or C Yes 249 34.4 33 4.6 10.9 (7.3-16.4) 0.001
  No 474 65.6 690 95.4   
Any family member died of liver disease Yes 31 4.3 22 3.0 1.4 (0.7-2.5) 0.263
  No 692 95.7 701 97.0   
Where do you get your shave No 52 7.2 72 10.0 Reference
  Home 124 17.2 159 22.0 1.1 (0.6-1.6) 0.807
  Barber 547 75.7 492 68.0 1.5 (1.0-2.4) 0.031
Dental extract/filling/scaling Yes 277 38.3 151 20.9 2.3 (1.8-3.0) 0.001
  No 446 61.7 572 79.1   
Surgery Yes 164 22.7 82 11.3 2.3 (1.7-3.1) 0.001
  No 559 77.3 641 88.7   
Blood Transfusion. Yes 42 5.8 15 2.1 2.9 (1.5-5.5) 0.001
  No 681 94.2 708 97.9   
History of IV/IM injection Yes 691 95.6 548 75.8 6.9 (4.5-10.4) 0.001
  No 32 4.4 175 24.2   
Number IV/IM injection/year None 32 4.4 175 24.2 Reference
  <5/year 239 33.1 383 53.0 3.4 (2.2-5.2) 0.001
  ≥ 5/year 452 62.5 165 22.8 14.9 (9.7-23.2) 0.001
Type of syringe New 17 2.4 178 24.6 19.0 (11.1-33.0) 0.001
  Re-used 674 93.2 370 51.2   
History of Hospitalization Yes 106 14.7 98 13.6 1.1 (0.8-1.4) 0.596
  No 617 85.3 625 86.4