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Table 1 Cardiovascular risk factors in RA patients and controls.

From: Biomarkers of oxidant stress, insulin sensitivity and endothelial activation in rheumatoid arthritis: a cross-sectional study of their association with accelerated atherosclerosis

risk factor Controls RA patients p value
age 57 (51.5–60) 56 (49–60) ns
BMI 25.16 (23.30–28.75) 25.53 (23.39–29.55) ns
waist/hip 0.818 (0.778–0.839) 0.846 (0.800–0.886) ns
SBP 128 (117.5–143) 128 (122–140) ns
DBP 78 (72–84) 80 (73.5–84.5) ns
total cholesterol 5.75 (4.9–6.75) 5.5 (4.5–6.1) ns
HDL-cholesterol 1.55 (1.30–2.03) 1.70 (1.40–2.00) ns
triglycerides 1.20 (0.85–1.50) 1.10 (0.80–1.43) ns
LDL-cholesterol 3.50 (2.73–4.33) 3.09 (2.34–3.78) 0.025
10 year cardiac risk 5.75 (3.20–10.35) 4.90 (1.58–7.93) ns
IMT 0.055 (0.047–0.062) 0.053 (0.047–0.060) ns
smoking 24 (50%) 30 (65%) ns
hypertension 6 (13%) 12 (26%) ns
FH of IHD 11 (23%) 16 (35%) ns
  1. Results are expressed either as median (interquartile range) or as the number of affected individuals (percentage of the total). Data were analysed using the Mann-Whitney U-test (continuous variables) or Fisher's Exact Probability test (dichotomous variables). ns = not significant. Units were expressed as follows: age as years; SBP and DBP as mmHg; total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol as mmol/l; 10 year cardiac risk as %; IMT as cm.