Skip to main content

Table 3 Distribution of hemoglobin level in relation to blood lead levels.

From: Relation between anemia and blood levels of lead, copper, zinc and iron among children

Categories of anemia according to hemoglobin level Low blood lead level
<10 μg/dl (n = 22)
No (%)
High blood lead level
≥10 μg/dl (n = 38)
No (%)
Test of significance
No anemia (Hb level ≥11 g/dl) 16 (72.7) 14 (36.8) x2 = 10.5
p = 0.01
Mild anemia (Hb level 10-10.9 g/dl) 1 (4.5) 11 (28.9)*  
Moderate anemia (Hb level 8-9.9 g/dl) 4 (18.3) 5 (13.2)  
Severe anemia: (Hb level < 8 g/dl) 1 (4.5) 8 (21.1)*  
  1. * p = < 0.05