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Table 1 Published studies of health and wellbeing in Afghan and Middle Eastern refugees and migrants

From: Selecting instruments for assessing psychological wellbeing in Afghan and Kurdish refugee groups

Author Instruments Outcome variables Study participants
Ahmad et al [22] -PTSS-C -CPTSD-RI PTSD stress symptoms in traumatized children Kurdish children in Iraq and Sweden & Swedish children
Casimiro,Hancock & Northcote [23] Qualitative Exploring resettlement issues during first five years 80 Muslim women (35 Iraqi, 34 Sudanese, 11 Afghan) in Perth, WA
Gerritsen et al [24] -MOS -SF36 -HTQ -HSCL25 General health, PTSD, depression & anxiety 178 refugees & 262 asylum seekers (Iranian, Afghan & Somali) in the Netherlands
Ghazinour, Richter & Eisemann [25] -WHOQOL100 -SOC -CRI -ISSI -BDI -SCL90R Sense of coherence, coping resources & social support 100 Iranian refugees settled in Sweden
Gilgen et al [26] -EMIC Health interview for common health problems 36 Bosnian, 62 Turkish/Kurdish & 48 Swiss internal migrants in Switzerland
Hafshejani [27] -PDS -LRI PTSD & meaning in life 59 Iranian & Afghan males who have experienced war, now in Sydney
Hosin et al [28] -GHQ30 -CBCL Psychological wellbeing & adjustment 61 Arab & Kurdish families (including 162 children) in London
Husni et al [29] -CAS Satisfaction ratings of personal safety, health, employment, food, financial security, social life & entertainment 54 Kurdish refugees, 29 living in the UK & 25 in Canada
Ichikawa, Nakahara & Wakai [30] -HSCL25 -HTQ Assessment of post-migration detention on mental health 55 Afghan asylum seekers in Japan
Koehn [31] Qualitative Transnational competence, asylum seeker & clinician perspectives 41 asylum seekers from former Soviet Union, former Yugoslavia, Kurdish areas of Middle East & Somalia in Finnish reception centres
Omeri, Lennnings & Raymond [32] Qualitative Access, use & appropriateness of mental & physical health services 25 general & 13 key informant Afghan immigrants & refugees in NSW, Australia
Ross-Sheriff [33] Qualitative Women's experiences before & during war & exile 60 repatriated Afghan refugee women in Kabul
Sondergaard, Ekblad & Theorell [34] -LED Life events, ongoing difficulties & self reported health 86 refugees from Iraq (Arabic & Sorani speakers) in Stockholm
Taloyan et al [35] Swedish National Survey & Level of Living Survey data Association between ethnicity, poor self reported health, psychological distress, sleeping difficulties & use of psychotropic drugs Immigrant Kurdish men & native Swedish men living in Sweden
  1. Abbreviations of Instruments: BDI = Beck Depression Inventory; CAS = Cernovsky's Assimilation Scale; CBCL = Child Behavioural Checklist (modified); CPTSD-RI = Child Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index; CRI = Coping Resources Inventory; EMIC = Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue; GHQ12 = General Health Questionnaire 12; GHQ30 = General Health Questionnaire 30; HSCL25 = Hopkins Symptoms Checklist 25; HTQ = Harvard Trauma Questionnaire; ISSI = Interview Schedule of Social Interaction; LED = Life Events & Ongoing Difficulties; LRI= Life Regard Index; MOS = Medical Outcome Study; PDS = Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale; PTSS-C = Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Children; SCL90R = Symptom Checklist 90; SF36 = Short Form Health Survey 36; SOC = Sense of Coherence Scale; WHOQOL100 = WHO Quality of Life 100