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Table 4 Impact of 0.1% Celmanax™ and Dairyman’s Choice™ paste on the cytotoxicity of T-2, DON, ZEAR and Fumonisin B1, n=3.

From: A prebiotic, Celmanax™, decreases Escherichia coli O157:H7 colonization of bovine cells and feed-associated cytotoxicity in vitro

Treatment Cytotoxicity Index 1,2 (Mean ± S.E.)
Control (50% methanol) 0 ± 0 a
DON 3 ± 0 b
ZEAR 2 ± 0.6 b
T-2 3 ± 0 b
FUM B1 3 ± 0 b
Celmanax™ + DON 0 ± 0 a
Celmanax™ + Zear 0 ± 0 a
Celmanax™ + T-2 0 ± 0 a
Celmanax™ + FUM B1 0 ± 0 a
Dairyman's Choice™ + DON 3 ± 0 b
Dairyman's Choice™ + ZEAR 2 ± 0.6 b
Dairyman's Choice™ + T-2 3 ± 0 b
Dairyman's Choice™ + FUM B1 3 ± 0 b
  1. 1 0 = no cytotoxicity or no blue spot; 1 = about 25% cell death or faint blue spot; 2 = about 50% cell death or blue spot; 3 = about 100% cell death or dark blue spot.
  2. 2 column means followed by different letters are significantly different from each other P < 0.001.