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Table 1 Diverse outcomes associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infectiona

From: Retrospective survey for sialidase activity in Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolates from cases of community-acquired pneumonia

Aural Dermal Musculoskeletal
• otitis externa • bullous exanthema • reactive arthritis
• otitis media • cutaneous vasculitis • rhabdomyolysis
• myringitis • erythema nodosum • septic arthritis
Cardiac • Stevens-Johnson syndrome Ocular
• arrhythmia • ulcerative stomatitis • conjunctivitis
• myocarditis • urticaria • iritis
• pericardial effusion • vesicular rash • retinitis
• pericarditis Gastrointestinal • uveitis
Central nervous system • hepatitis Renal
• ataxia • pancreatitis • glomerulonephritis
• Bell's palsy Hematologic • IgA nephropathy
• choreoathetosis • aplastic anemia • interstitial nephritis
• encephalitis • hemolytic anemia Respiratory
• encephalomyelitis • hemophagocytosis • primary atypical pneumonia
• Guillain-Barre- syndrome • intravascular coagulation  
• meningoencephalitis • lymphadenopathy  
• meningitis • neutropenia  
• paralysis • neutrophilia  
• polyradiculitis • septicemia  
• psychosis • thrombocytopenia  
  1. a The primary disease state generated by M. pneumoniae infection is PAP, although many additional clinical manifestations have been reported [2]. Mycoplasmosis due to M. pneumoniae affects numerous organ systems by generating primary lesions in non-respiratory tissues or secondary lesions following presumed hematogenous spread from the respiratory tract, or by contributing to autoimmune-related disorders. Differences in bacterial or host phenotypes that explain the diverse clinical outcomes remain essentially unknown.