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Table 1 Distribution of demographic characteristics, symptoms and clinical signs of children under five with and without malaria in western Tanzania.

From: Confirmed malaria cases among children under five with fever and history of fever in rural western Tanzania

Variable Malaria positive Malaria negative
  N = 36 (%) N = 264 (%)
Sex     
Female 21 (58.3) 116 (43.9)
Male 15 (41.7) 148 (56.1)
Age (in years)     
Below 1 year 12 (33.3) 136 (51.5)
Above one year 24 (66.7) 128 (48.5)
Symptoms and clinical signs     
Fever and other symptoms/clinical signs 35 (97.2) 247 (93.6)
Other symptoms and clinical signs without fever 1 (2.8) 17 (6.4)
  1. Key: Fever only = define as body temperature ≥ 37.5°C
  2. Other symptoms and clinical signs included:- vomiting, diarrhoea, dysentery, dehydration, lower limb swelling, difficulty in breathing, wounds and abdominal discomfort.