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Table 1 Molecular identification of members of the Anopheles gambiae complex collected in Cameroon.

From: Kdr-based insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.s populations in Cameroon: spread of the L1014F and L1014S mutations

Geogra- phic area Locality Geographic coordinates Sampling period Sampling method Climatic and ecological domains An. arabiensis An. gambiae s.s An. melas
        M-form S-form  
Forest Ngousso 03°53'44"N-11°3318"E May 2006 LC Equatorial forest, urban - 57 6 -
  Nkolondom 03°56'52"N-11°3018"E Dec 2005 LC Equatorial forest, market gardening area - - 64 -
  Dabadi 05°36'10"N-13°37'50"E May 2006 LC Equatorial/Tropical, urban - - 72 -
  Italie 05°36'07"N-13°44'22"E May2006 LC Equatorial/Tropical, urban - - 75 -
  Nkolbikon 05°36'06"N-13°40'30"E May 2006 LC Equatorial/Tropical, urban - 22 55 -
Coastal Ipono 02°22'29"N-09°52'28"E Dec. 2005 LT+CA Equatorial, humid forest, rural - 22 14 37
  Campo 02°22'30"N-09°49'33"E Dec. 2005 LC+CA Coastal equatorial, humid forest, rural - 37 39 -
  Kribi 02°56'33"N-09°54'26"E Dec. 2005 LC Coastal equatorial, humid forest, urban - 62 11 -
  Bonamikengué 03°48'18"N-10°08'08"E Oct. 2005 LC Coastal forest, urban - 64 4 -
  Bonanloka 04°01'43"N-09°43'54"E May 2005 LC Coastal, equatorial, urban - 38 24 -
  Bonanjo 04°02'22"N-09°41'13"E Oct. 2005 LC Coastal equatorial, urban - 61 2 -
  Bonassama 04°04'26"N-09°41'06"E Oct. 2005 LC Coastal equatorial, urban - 74 - -
  Loum 04°42'13"N-09°44'03"E Oct. 2005 LC Equatorial forest, suburban - 77 - -
  Tiko 04°05'22"N-09°21'09"E Nov. 2005 LC Equatorial forest, urban, - 47 18 -
  Idenau 04°13'23"N-08°58'13"E Nov. 2005 LC Coastal equatorial, suburban - 18 - -
Highland Mangoum 05°28'35"N-10°35'18"E Oct. 2005 LC Tropical, grassland mountains, market gardening area - - 76 -
  Makoutchietoum 05°36'37"N-10°36'24"E Oct. 2005 LC Tropical, grassland mountains, market gardening area - - 77 -
  Magba 05°58'10"N-11°13'38"E Oct. 2005 LC Tropical, transition forest/savanna, rural 1 - 62 -
Northern savanna Tibati 06°28'12"N-12°37'20"E May 2007 LC+LT Tropical, humid savanna, suburban 14 - 50 -
  Ngaoundéré 07°19'04"N-13°35'38"E Oct. 2006 LC Tropical, humid savanna, urban 45 - 16 -
  Pitoa 09°23'31"N-13°30'09"E Oct. 2006 LC Tropical, dry savanna, suburban, cotton area 60 - 4 -
  1. LC: larval collection, LT: Light trap; CA: capture with aspirators