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Table 1 Risk profile of the study subjects

From: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in a rural, physically active, low income population in Sri Lanka

Variable Males (n= 189) N (%) Females (n= 212) N (%) Total (n= 401) N (%)
BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 19 (10.1) 28 (13.2) 47 (11.7)
High waist circumference1 30 (15.9) 29 (13.7) 59 (14.7)
Regular alcohol consumption2 103 (54.5) 16 (7.5) 119 (29.7)
Weekly alcohol consumption above safe limit3 34 (17.9) 6 (2.8) 40 (9.9)
Low/moderate activity levels4 46 (24.3) 45 (21.2) 91 (22.6)
High fasting plasma glucose5 60 (31.7) 39 (18.4) 99 (24.7)
Insulin resistance6 50 (26.5) 35 (16.5) 85 (21.1)
High systolic blood pressure7 115 (60.8) 117 (55.2) 232 (57.9)
High diastolic blood pressure8 93 (49.2) 93 (43.9) 186 (46.4)
High serum triglycerides9 83 (43.9) 56 (26.4) 139 (34.7)
Low serum HDL10 63 (33.3) 128 (60.4) 191 (47.6)
High ALT11 3 (1.6) 1 (0.5) 4 (0.9)
Fatty liver12 50 (26.5) 27 (12.7) 77 (19.2)
Prevalence of NAFLD 45 (23.8) 27 (12.7) 72 (17.9)
  1. 1waist circumference > 90 cm for men, > 80 cm for female, 2consumption of alcohol atleast once a week, 3> 14 units/week for men, > 7 units/week for females, 4as classified by International Physical Activity Questionnaire [IPAQ], 5fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥ 5.6 mmol/L or previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes, 6homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR] > 1, 7 systolic blood pressure ≥ 180 mmHg, 8diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmHg, 9triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/L, 10HDL (high-density-lipoprtein) < 1.03 mmol/L for males and < 1.29 mmol/L for females, 11ALT (alanine aminotransferase) > twice upper limit of normal, 12as determined by ultrasonographic criteria excluding excess alcohol users and those with viral infection.