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Table 2 Factors significantly associated with NAFLD among the estate population

From: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in a rural, physically active, low income population in Sri Lanka

Variable Number (%) with NAFLD Odds Ratio 95% Confidence Interval
Male sex 45 (23.8) 2.1 1.2-3.7
Higher education level1 29 (40.8) 4.6 2.5-8.9
Higher income2 26 (31.7) 2.8 1.5-5.0
Low activity levels3 25 (27.5) 2.1 1.2-3.8
BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 30 (63.8) 13.1 6.3-27.3
High waist circumference4 36 (61.0) 13.3 6.8-26.2
High systolic blood pressure5 52 (22.4) 2.2 1.2-3.9
High diastolic blood pressure6 49 (26.3) 2.9 1.7-5.3
High plasma glucose7 30 (30.3) 2.7 1.5-4.8
Insulin resistance8 37 (43.5) 6.2 3.4-11.2
High triglycerides9 39 (28.1) 2.7 1.6-4.7
  1. 1educated upto Ordinary Level (grade 10) or above, 2income > Rs.10,000 (~US$ 100), 3as classified by International Physical Activity Questionnaire [IPAQ], 4waist circumference > 90 cm for men, > 80 cm for female, 5 systolic blood pressure ≥ 180 mmHg, 6diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmHg, 7fasting plasma glucose (FPG) ≥5.6 mmol/L or previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes, 8homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR] > 1, 9triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/L