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Table 4 Time courses of contents of pinocembrin and galangin in β-glucuronidase/sulfatase treated urine collected after intake of capsules containing cranberry and propolis

From: Propolis can potentialise the anti-adhesion activity of proanthocyanidins on uropathogenic Escherichia coli in the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infections

  4-6 h 12 h 24 h
Pinocembrin (mg/L) 0.83 0.71 1.85
Galangin (mg/L) 0.19 0.09 0.14