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Table 2 Characteristics of the sample (N = 510)

From: The Netherlands study of depression in older persons (NESDO); a prospective cohort study

  Depressed persons (n = 378) Non-depressed controls (n = 132) p
Age, mean (SD) 70.7 (7.4) 70.1 (7.2) 0.37
- 60-69, n (%) 189 (50.0) 74 (56.1) 0.48
- 70-79, n (%) 132 (34.9) 40 (30.3)  
- > 80, n (%) 57 (15.1) 18 (13.6)  
Female, n (%) 250 (66.1) 81 (61.4) 0.34
Level of education    < 0.001
- Low, n (%) 78 (20.6) 9 (6.8)  
- Middle, n (%) 221 (58.5) 71 (53.8)  
- High, n (%) 79 (20.9) 52 (39.4)  
Marital status    0.001
- Never been married, n (%) 30 (7.9) 10 (7.6)  
- Married, n (%) 174 (46.0) 86 (65.2)  
- Living apart, n (%) 16 (4.2) 0  
- Divorced, n (%) 54 (14.3) 10 (7.6)  
- Widow(er), n (%) 104 (27.5) 26 (19.7)  
Cognitive function, mean MMSE1 (SD) 27.69 28.34 0.001
  1. 1 MMSE: Mini-Mental State Examination