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Table 2 HUI3 single- and multi-attribute scores (n = 384)

From: Health state utilities of a population of Nigerian hypertensive patients

Mean ± SD
  All participants (n = 384) Hypertension alone (n = 124) Hypertension & HF (n = 104) Hypertension & CHD (n = 52) Hypertension & Stroke (n = 84) p -value
Vision 0.86 ± 0.26 0.92 ± 0.16 0.86 ± 0.26* 0.88 ± 0.26 0.77 ± 0.31* < 0.001
Hearing 0.96 ± 0.14 0.98 ± 0.10 0.95 ± 0.14 0.88 ± 0.22* 0.98 ± 0.11 < 0.001
Speech 0.95 ± 0.14 0.98 ± 0.11 0.95 ± 0.20 0.91 ± 0.11* 0.95 ± 0.10 0.023
Ambulation 0.75 ± 0.37 0.97 ± 0.06 0.86 ± 0.32* 0.55 ± 0.40* 0.46 ± 0.41* < 0.001
Dexterity 0.83 ± 0.31 1.00 ± 0.00 0.89 ± 0.25* 0.69 ± 0.36* 0.62 ± 0.36* < 0.001
Emotion 0.74 ± 0.29 0.86 ± 0.18 0.84 ± 0.26 0.66 ± 0.30* 0.59 ± 0.32* < 0.001
Cognition 0.67 ± 0.29 0.78 ± 0.25 0.76 ± 0.26 0.53 ± 0.24* 0.51 ± 0.25* < 0.001
Pain 0.56 ± 0.35 0.71 ± 0.26 0.68 ± 0.31 0.34 ± 0.36* 0.34 ± 0.33* < 0.001
Overall 0.35 ± 0.42 0.57 ± 0.29 0.51 ± 0.38 0.13 ± 0.39* 0.04 ± 0.36* < 0.001
  1. HF heart failure; CHD coronary heart disease
  2. *Significantly different (p < 0.05) compared to hypertension alone group