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Table 1 Results of 5 prehospital emergency teams consisting of one emergency physician and two paramedics

From: A tool for immediate and automated assessment of resuscitation skills for a full-scale simulator

Parameter Team 1 Team 2 Team 3 Team 4 Team 5 Mean ± SD
  1 2 3 4 5  
median cardiac output (l * min-1) 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.5 ± 0.2
no-flow-time fraction 0.21 0.24 0.44 0.13 0.30 0.26 ± 0.10
time until ROSC (min:sec) 18:09 12:08 07:43 12:41 08:52 11:53 ± 03:39
time until first administration of epinephrine (min:sec) 08:56 06:40 05:05 10:10 07:35 07:39 ± 01:52
time until first defibrillation (min:sec) 03:01 00:07 01:44 01:40 01:47 01:38 ± 00:58
indicated defibrillations (n) 5 6 3 5 4 4.6 ± 1.0
non-indicated defibrillations (n) 0 0 0 0 0 0
mean deviation of defibrillation interval from the 2 minutes interval (min:sec) 01:47 00:26 01:08 00:43 00:24 00:54 ± 00:31
mean interval of defibrillations (min:sec) 03:47 02:24 03:06 02:43 02:22 02:52 ± 00:32
overall ventilations before intubation (n) 20 6 10 4 13 10.6
mean frequency of ventilations before intubation (n * min-1) 1.1 0.5 1.3 0.3 1.5 0.9 ± 0.5
  1. The initial rhythm was ventricular fibrillations in all scenarios (SD = standard deviation).