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Table 3 Distribution of scores on the Devaluation-Discrimination Measure by demographic characteristics of the parents of adolescents

From: Stigma toward schizophrenia among parents of junior and senior high school students in Japan

  Devaluation-Discrimination Measure
  Mean ± SD p*
Age(years)   P = 0.635
30-39 32.47 ± 4.29  
40-49 32.80 ± 4.43  
50-59 32.62 ± 4.55  
60-69 32.47 ± 4.42  
Occupation   p = 0.001
Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries 34.64 ± 3.72
Production labor services 32.22 ± 4.27a
Transportation and communications 32.48 ± 4.43
Sales and marketing 32.92 ± 4.42
Service industry 32.74 ± 4.13
Professional 33.63 ± 4.86b
Other 31.78 ± 3.93
Family income, (US dollars) p = 0.042
< 11,000 33.71 ± 4.92  
11,000-32,000 32.68 ± 4.71  
32,000-53,000 32.44 ± 4.26  
53,000-110,000 32.66 ± 4.36  
> 110,000 33.20 ± 4.70  
Proximity to person with schizophrenia p = 0.004
Yes 34.39 ± 5.40  
No 32.68 ± 4.40  
Participation in welfare activities for people with mental illness p = 0.010
Yes 33.47 ± 4.79
No 32.67 ± 4.41
  1. * Student's or Welch's t-test, one-way analysis of variance.
  2. a P < 0.05, production labor services versus professional
  3. b P < 0.05, professional versus other