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Table 4 Univariate association of anthropometric parameters and physical activity with hypertension (mm Hg) between women and men

From: Association of body weight and physical activity with blood pressure in a rural population in the Dikgale village of Limpopo Province in South Africa

Variables Women (n = 396) Men (n = 136)
  Odds Ratio 95% CI p -value± Odds Ratio 95% CI p -value±
Age (years) 1.047 1.034 1.060 0.000 1.035 1.014 1.056 0.001
Body mass index (kg/m2) 1.048 1.013 1.084 0.006 1.092 1.010 1.181 0.026
Waist circumference (cm) 1.038 1.022 1.054 0.000 1.045 1.012 1.079 0.007
Hip circumference (cm) 1.020 1.005 1.035 0.009 1.018 0.984 1.054 0.296
Waist-Hip-Ratio 971.916 55.559 17002.150 0.000 2488.920 14.248 434771.3 0.003
Average steps/day 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.882 1.000 1.000 1.000 0.650
Age Quartile categories(years)         
BMI categories(kg/m 2 )         
Underweight (< 18.5) ** ** ** ** ** ** **  
Normal weight (18.5-24.9) 0.480 0.170 1.356 0.166 0.500 0.180 1.387 0.183
Overweight (25.0-29.9) 0.456 0.158 1.310 0.145 0.824 0.242 2.797 0.756
Obese (≥ 30) 0.887 0.312 2.523 0.822 3.200 0.787 13.017 0.104
Physical activity (average steps/day)         
Sedentary (< 4999) ** ** ** ** ** ** **  
Low active (5 000-7 499) 2.333 0.922 5.904 0.074 1.333 0.165 10.743 0.787
Moderate active (7 500-9 999) 0.891 0.384 2.069 0.788 1.667 0.365 7.607 0.510
Active (10 000-12 499) 1.517 0.690 3.333 0.300 0.933 0.200 4.347 0.930
Active (≥ 12 500) 1.502 0.706 3.196 0.291 1.417 0.346 5.800 0.628
  1. **First category taken as the reference group, CI Confident interval