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Table 1 Treatment of patients with intensive intervention

From: Randomised clinical trial of an intensive intervention in the primary care setting of patients with high plasma fibrinogen in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

  Definition Objectives Intervention Periodicity
Smoking People who has smoked daily, any amount of cigarettes, over the last month. Smoking cessation Smoking history Degree of dependency Motivation to give up smoking Clear and tailored advice A follow-up program for those patients who stop smoking Use of TSN or bupropion 2 months
Physical activity Among the activities that people do over a 24 h period, occupational related practices, leisure and free time are the most important ones. Increase the physical activity Interview about physical activities and classify: active, partially active or sedentary. 2 months
    Advice to start, increase or sustain physical activities.  
Obesity, overweight Body mass index (BMI) BMI > 30 kg/m2 = obesity 25- 30 kg/m2 = overweight IMC 20-25 kg/m2 Gradual weight loss 0.51 kg per week Advice healthy diet once objectives are achieved 2 months
Hypertension SBP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg PA < 140/90 mmHg Diabetics BP < 130/80 mmHg Dietary measures or pharmacological treatment, according to guidelines 2 months
Diabetes mellitus Two basal glycemias in venous serum ≥ 126 mg/dl HbA1C < 7% Dietary measures or pharmacological treatment according to guidelines 2 months
  1. HbA 1C glycated hemoglobin, BP blood pressure; SBP BP systolic diastolic; SBP diastolic blood pressure; TSN replacement therapy with nicotine