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Figure 1 | BMC Research Notes

Figure 1

From: A small scale study on the effects of oral administration of the β-glucan produced by Aureobasidium pullulans on milk quality and cytokine expressions of Holstein cows, and on bacterial flora in the intestines of Japanese black calves

Figure 1

The effects of oral administration of the β-(1 → 3),(1 → 6)-D-glucan on somatic cell count and solid non fat in the milk of Holstein cows. (A, B) Milk-producing Holstein cows were orally administered the β–(1 → 3),(1 → 6)-D-glucan-enriched A. pullulans cultured fluid (AP-CF) for three months, and then the somatic cell count (A) and solid non fat (B) in the milk were monitored every month. Milk produced from untreated cows was used as a control. The diagnoses of individual milk are indicated with a bar graph, and the line graph represents the mean. (C) The result of the same experiment with panel B conducted at other farms. A partially purified β-(1 → 3),(1 → 6)-D-glucan was used for this experiment.

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