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Table 2 The results of a stepwise logistic regression (CoSmoS n = 302)

From: The association between active participation in a sports club, physical activity and social network on the development of lung cancer in smokers: a case-control study

  unadjusted Model 1 adjusted Model 2
Independent variable Beta SE OR CI Beta SE OR CI
Gender (male#) -0.35 0.29 0.23 0.399-1.24 -0.42 0.29 0.66 0.371-1.17
Age         
   35-44#         
   45-55 2.63 0.70 13.90*** 3.55-54.39 2.96 0.71 14.75*** 3.70-58.78
   55-64 2.26 0.68 9.62*** 2.53-36.55 2.27 0.69 9.66*** 2.49-37.44
   65-76 2.09 0.69 8.09** 2.08-31.39 2.06 0.70 7.86** 1.99-30.99
Education         
   no vocational/university education#         
   lower vocational education -0.63 0.39 0.53 0.25-1.15 -0.53 0.40 0.59 0.27-1.28
   higher vocational/university education -1.57 0.55 0.21** 0.07-0.61 -1.54 0.55 0.21* 0.07-0.63
Marital status (not married#) 0.21 0.29 1.24 0.70-2.19 0.28 0.30 1.32 0.74-2.36
Residence (country#) -0.51 0.35 0.60 0.30-1.18 -0.50 0.35 0.61 0.30-1.21
Religion (not religious#) 0.30 0.31 1.35 0.73-2.47 0.41 0.32 1.51 0.81-2.81
Physical activity (not physical active#) -0.86 0.27 0.42** 0.25-0.72 -0.63 0.31 0.53* 0.29-0.97
Pack years (≤ 15#) 0.03 0.01 1.03* 1.01-1.06 0.03 0.01 1.03* 1.01-1.06
Friends (none/few#)      -0.16 0.27 0.85 0.50-1.46
Relatives (none/few#)      -0.38 0.28 0.69 0.40-1.18
Participation in a sports club (no#)      -0.51 0.38 0.60 0.28-1.26
Cox and Snell pseudo-R2 .19     .20    
Nagelkerke pseudo-R2 .25     .27    
McFadden pseudo-R2 .15     .16    
  1. Note: # = reference response, Beta = regression coefficient, CI = confidence interval, Odds = odds ratio, SE = standard error, p ≤ 0.05*, p ≤ 0.01**, p ≤ 0.001***