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Table 3 Indications for surgery (N = 14)

From: A Fibreoptic endoscopic study of upper gastrointestinal bleeding at Bugando Medical Centre in northwestern Tanzania: A retrospective review of 240 cases

Indications for surgery Frequency Percent
Bleeding duodenal ulcers not responding to either medical or endoscopic treatment 6 42.9
Gastric malignancy 5 35.7
Duodenal ulcers with gastric outlet obstruction 2 14.3
Bleeding duodenal ulcers associated with perforation 1 7.1