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Table 2 Multivariate hierarchical logistic regression with metabolic control (HbA1c <8 and ≥8) as dependent variable

From: Vulnerability to stress, anxiety and depressive symptoms and metabolic control in Type 2 diabetes

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Age (years) 0.92 (0.87-0.96)** 0.91 (0.86-0.96)** 0.90 (0.85-0.95)*** 0.90 (0.85-0.95)***
Gender 0.98 (0.59-1.63) 1.04 (0.61-1.78) 1.06 (0.60-1.88) 1.06 (0.60-1.88)
Education level (years) 0.96 (0.91-1.02) 0.96 (0.91-1.02) 0.97 (0.91-1.03) 0.96 (0.89-1.02)
BMI (kg/m2)   1.01 (0.95-1.07) 1.01 (0.95-1.07) 1.01 (0.95-1.07)
Diabetes duration   1.02 (0.98-1.06) 1.02 (0.98-1.06) 1.02 (0.98-1.06)
≥ 1 chronic complications   1.13 (0.66-1.94) 1.09 (0.63-1.90) 1.11 (0.64-1.93)
Insulin users   2.69 (1.57-4.59)*** 2.64 (1.53-4.54)*** 2.65 (1.54-1.58)***
Antidepressant users   1.15 (0.50-2.62) 1.06 (0.45-2.48) 1.09 (0.46-2.57)
HADS depression    1.13 (1.02-1.24)* 1.14 (1.03-1.27)**
HADS anxiety    0.92 (0.84-1.00) 0.94 (0.85-1.03)
23QVS     0.98 (0.95-1.01)
Nagelkerke R2 0.065 0.148 0.179 0.184
Cox&Snell R2 0.048 0.109 0.132 0.136
Model X2 13.4** 31.6*** 38.7*** 39.9***
  1. 1stblock: Demographic variables: age, gender (male = 1), education; 2ndblock: Demographic and Clinical variables: BMI, diabetes duration, ≥ 1 chronic complications (yes = 1), insulin users (yes = 1), antidepressants users (yes = 1); 3rd block: Demographic, Clinical and Psychometric variables HADS anxiety, HADS depression; 4th block: Demographic, Clinical, Psychometric variables HADS anxiety, HADS depression and 23QVS. Results: OR (95% CI).
  2. Legend: HADS: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; 23QVS: The 23 Questions to assess Vulnerability to Stress, BMI: Body Mass Index; HbA1c: Hemoglobin A1c. Significance level: *P < 0.05;**P < 0.01;***P < 0.001.