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Table 1 Demographic, anthropometric, dietary, and psychometric characteristics of participants with different fish-eating habits

From: Fish consumption and cardiovascular response during mental stress

Characteristics Group Statistic p ES
Fish-eating Control
M (SD) M (SD)
Demographics χ 1 2   φ
 Gender (M/F) 2/10 2/11 0.00 n.s. 0.00
 Smokers (Y/N) 0/12 1/12 0.00 n.s. 0.00
Anthropometrics t 23   d
 Age (years) 21.4 (3.7) 21.9 (3.1) 0.37 n.s. 0.15
 Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 21.6 (2.7) 20.8 (3.1) 0.67 n.s. 0.28
Food Intakes (FFQ) (g/day)
 Eating Fish (times/week) 3.8 (0.8) 1.0 (0.6) 9.92 <.001 4.14
 Fish and Seafood 91.7 (34.7) 48.2 (32.7) 3.22 <.004 1.34
 Mushroom 5.4 (4.7) 5.9 (5.4) 0.25 n.s. 0.10
 Algae 7.5 (3.7) 3.9 (3.7) 2.40 <.03 1.00
 Alcohol 39.1 (101.1) 60.8 (195.7) 1.09 a n.s. 0.44
 Fruits 111.9 (88.9) 44.4 (52.7) 2.33 <.03 0.97
 Vegetables 367.8 (251.0) 230.7 (120.7) 1.72 b <.10 0.74
 Green and Yellow Vegetables 144.6 (84.0) 93.8 (70.2) 1.65 n.s. 0.69
 Cereal 256.2 (88.9) 203.3 (92.7) 1.45 n.s. 0.61
 Processed Tubers and Roots 57.8 (58.1) 50.6 (48.8) 0.34 n.s. 0.14
 Pulse Products 57.9 (49.6) 56.3 (59.5) 0.07 n.s. 0.03
 Meat 107.8 (60.2) 103.0 (71.2) 0.18 n.s. 0.08
 Egg 48.7 (34.4) 29.1 (17.5) 1.81 <.09 0.75
 Dairy Product 91.7 (152.1) 146.5 (132.7) 0.96 n.s. 0.40
Psychometrics
 Aggression (BAQ) 56.3 (7.3) 50.9 (10.0) 1.00 n.s. 0.63
 Trait Anxiety (STAI A-trait) 35.2 (12.1) 40.5 (9.3) 1.23 n.s. 0.51
 Neuroticism (EPQR-12) 5.0 (2.8) 7.2 (2.4) 2.07 <.06 0.86
 Behavioral Inhibition (BIS) 39.0 (6.4) 38.8 (10.0) 0.07 n.s. 0.03
 Behavioral Activation (BAS) 45.0 (8.7) 38.6 (5.6) 2.20 <.04 0.92
  1. Note. χ2 = Yates corrected Chi-square.
  2. adf = 14; bdf = 15.