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Table 3 Summary of a series of separate Analyses of Variances (ANOVAs)

From: Fish consumption and cardiovascular response during mental stress

Cardiovascular Measures Main Effect Interaction Summary of ANOVA and Post-hoc Test
Group Period Group × Period
F 1, 23 p η p 2 F 4, 92 p ϵ η p 2 F 4, 92 p ϵ η p 2
Hemodynamics
   SBP 6.15 <.03 .21 30.84 <.001 .79 .57 3.10 <0.05 .79 .12 FE < Cont on R1, R2, and R3
   MBP 5.47 <.03 .19 56.56 <.001 .76 .71 1.94 n.s. .76 .08 FE < Cont; BS, R2, R1, R3 < MA
   DBP 4.04 <.06 .15 78.19 <.001 .62 .77 1.37 n.s. .62 .06 FE < Cont; R1, R2 < BS, R3 < MA
  Cardiac
   CO 0.08 n.s. .00 5.84 <.006 .49 .20 0.17 n.s. .49 .01 R3, BS, R2, R1 < MA
   HR 5.55 <.03 .19 65.52 <.001 .32 .74 0.47 n.s. .32 .02 FE < Cont; BS, R3, R2, R1 < MA
   SV 1.68 n.s. .07 10.66 <.001 .70 .32 0.58 n.s. .70 .02 BS, R2, R1, R3 > MA
  Vascular
   TPR 2.52 n.s. .10 2.28 n.s. .74 .09 0.90 n.s. .74 .04  
Autonomic Activities
  Sympathetic
   PEP 10.32 <.004 .31 25.75 <.001 .42 .53 1.10 n.s. .42 .05 FE > Cont; R2, R1, BS, R3 > MA
   ln NPV 0.10 a n.s. .00 46.5 b <.001 .68 .68 0.08 b n.s. .68 .00 BS, R2 > R2, R1, R3 > MA
  Vagal
   BRS 4.39 c <.05 .17 26.29 d <.001 .63 .56 0.16 d n.s. .63 .01 FE > Cont; BS, R3 > R2, R1 > R1, MA
Arterial Stiffness
   PWV 10.33 <.004 .31 73.73 <.001 .34 .76 0.56 n.s. .34 .02 FE < Cont; BS, R3, R2, R1 < MA
   CFVI 6.09 <.03 .21 28.27 <.001 .47 .55 0.61 n.s. .47 .03 FE < Cont; R3, R2, BS, R1 < MA
  1. Note. adf = 1, 22; bdf = 4, 88; cdf = 1, 21; ddf = 4, 84.
  2. Period(s) separated by comma and printed both sides of inequality sign are not significantly different at p < .05.
  3. FE = fish-eating, Cont = control.
  4. BS = baseline, MA = mental arithmetic, R1 = 1st recovery, R2 = 2nd recovery, and R3 = 3rd recovery.
  5. SBP = systolic blood pressure, MBP = mean blood pressure, DBP = diastolic blood pressure, CO = cardiac output, HR = heart rate, SV = stroke volume, TPR = total peripheral resistance, PEP = pre-ejection period, NPV = normalized pulse volume, BRS = baroreflex sensitivity, PWV = pulse wave velocity, and CFVI = cardio-finger vascular index.