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Table 1 Comparison of women's characteristics by mode of delivery

From: Health care expenditure for hospital-based delivery care in Lao PDR

  Mode of delivery P value
  Vaginal delivery n (%) Caesarean section n (%)  
Demographic and socio-economic characteristics    
Hospital    0.07
   A 234 (45.5) 39 (58.2)  
   B 280 (54.5) 28 (41.8)  
Age (years)    0.23
   < 20 68 (13.2) 4 (6.0)  
   20-34 408 (79.4) 58 (86.6)  
   ≥ 35 38 (7.4) 5 (7.4)  
Religion    1.00
   Buddhist 489 (95.1) 65 (97.0)  
   Christian 7 (1.4) 0  
   Animist 18 (3.5) 2 (3.0)  
Ethnicity    0.56
   Laolum 487 (94.7) 65 (97.0)  
   Other 27 (5.3) 2 (3.0)  
Education    0.21
   Primary school or lower 198 (38.5) 20 (29.9)  
   Secondary school or higher 316 (61.5) 47 (70.1)  
Occupation    0.28
   Housewife 175 (34.1) 18 (26.9)  
   Government officer 87 (16.9) 15 (23.9)  
   Merchant 89 (17.3) 16 (22.4)  
   Farmer 163 (31.7) 18 (26.8)  
   Husband's occupation    0.08
   Government officer 181 (35.2) 33 (49.3)  
   Merchant 35 (6.8) 3 (4.5)  
   Farmer 298 (58.0) 31 (46.3)  
Monthly family income (USD)    0.11
   Median (IQR) 97.5 (50,145) 120 (57.5,200)  
Obstetric characteristics    
Gravidity    0.04
   Primigravida 258 (50.2) 43 (64.2)  
   Multigravida 256 (49.8) 24 (35.8)  
Parity    0.11
   0 258 (50.2) 44 (65.7)  
   1-2 206 (40.1) 20 (29.8)  
   3-4 40 (7.8) 2 (3.0)  
   > 4 10 (1.9) 1 (1.5)  
Pregnancy complications    < 0.001
   No 466 (90.7) 51 (76.1)  
   Yes 48 (9.3) 16 (23.9)  
Delivery complications    0.01
   No 507 (98.6) 62 (92.5)  
   Yes 7 (1.4) 5 (7.5)  
  1. IQR: Inter-quartile range