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Table 2 Floor and ceiling effects of items on domain scores

From: Development, reliability and validity of the Chichewa WHOQOL-BREF in adults in lilongwe, Malawi

  Floor effects Ceiling effects
  % Rank % Rank
Physical (item no.)     
Physical Pain (3) 5 % 6 15 % 4
Dependence on medical treatment (4) 9 % 1 17 % 3
Energy (10) 6 % 4 11 % 7
Mobility (15) 5 % 5 14 % 5
Sleep (16) 2 % 7 12 % 6
Activities of daily living (17) 7 % 2 19 % 2
Work capacity (18) 7 % 2 23 % 1
Psychological (item no.)     
Enjoyment of life (5) 0 % 6 9 % 6
Personal belief (6) 1 % 5 37 % 1
Concentration (7) 2 % 1 17 % 5
Bodily image (11) 2 % 2 34 % 2
Self-esteem (19) 1 % 4 33 % 3
Negative feeling (26) 2 % 2 26 % 4
Social Relationships (item no.)     
Personal relationships (20) 0 % 3 26 % 2
Sexual activity (21) 5 % 1 28 % 1
Support from friends (22) 2 % 2 13 % 3
Environment (item no.)     
Security (8) 3 % 6 22 % 1
Physical environment (9) 3 % 6 17 % 2
Financial security (12) 9 % 2 3 % 8
Information availability (13) 6 % 4 7 % 4
Leisure activity (14) 10 % 1 7 % 4
Living conditions (23) 8 % 3 8 % 3
Health care accessibility (24) 1 % 8 6 % 6
Transport (25) 4 % 5 5 % 7
Enough food (27) 2 %   12 %  
Extra item added to Chichewa WHOQoL-BREF