Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of individual cardiovascular risk factors (%) by blood pressure group

From: The prevalence of pre-hypertension and its association to established cardiovascular risk factors in south of Iran

Variable normal pre-HTN RR* (95% CI) HTN RR#(95% CI)
Sex (male,%) 41.7 49.0 1.34 (0.97-1.87) 45.1 1.15 (0.83-1.59)
Smoking 18.8 12.3 0.6 (0.38-0.96) 8.6 0.40 (0.24-0.66)
Diabetes mellitus 4.7 8.7 1.92 (0.97-3.81) 20.6 5.26 (2.83-9.78)
Total 7.6 10.0 1.35 (0.75-2.42) 16.5 2.40 (1.40-4.10)
Hypercholesterolemia      
High LDL level 5.4 6.3 1.18 (0.58-2.36) 12.7 2.53 (1.36-4.69)
Low HDL level 9.1 9.0 0.99 (0.56-1.76) 7.3 0.79 (0.43-1.42)0
Hypertriglyceridemia 11.6 16.7 1.52 (0.95-2.46) 24.4 2.46 (1.57-3.86)
Overweight 35.1 49.0 2.15 (1.53-3.01) 44.1 2.0 (1.43-2.78)
Obesity 13.8 18.3 1.40 (0.89-2.20) 21.6 1.72 (1.11-2.66)
  1. HTN indicates hypertension; RR, risk ratio.
  2. * Ratio of pre-hypertension group to normotensive group.
  3. # Ratio of hypertension group to normotensive group.