Difference in mucin gene expression between pups with detectable and undetectable Lactobacillus 16S in Lb. Comparison of Muc1, Muc2, Muc3, Muc4 and Tff3 transcription on PND6 between pups in the Lb group, where Lactobacillus 16S could be detected and could not be detected, respectively. Each column represents the average relative abundance (Ra) of 5/8 (above DL) or 3/8 (below DL) animals. Error bars show SEM values. DL = Detection Limit. * p < 0.05, denotes significant difference between detectably colonized and not colonized.