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Table 3 Association of the obesity with the demographic, socio-economic and behavioural factors, by gender, in 1995 and 2007

From: Socioeconomic inequality and obesity prevalence trends in luxembourg, 1995–2007

   1995 2007
Men OR [CI] Women OR [CI] Men OR [CI] Women OR [CI]
Age groups 16-24 1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)  
25-34 1.99 [0.93-4.27] 1.21 [0.67-2.20] 1.36 [0.85-2.18] 3.38 [1.96-5.82]*
35-44 3.14 [1.44-6.86]* 1.49 [0.80-2.79] 1.46 [0.90-2.38] 4.64 [2.72-7.93]*
45-54 3.88 [1.75-8.60]* 1.60 [0.83-3.08] 2.26 [1.39-3.69]* 6.82 [3.99-11.64]*
55-64 4.02 [1.79-9.04]* 1.90 [0.97-3.73] 3.08 [1.86-5.09]* 6.01 [3.45-10.48]*
65+ 2.82 [1.24-6.43]* 0.96 [0.48-1.90] 1.86 [1.11-3.12]* 6.57 [3.78-11.40]*
Marital status Married 1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)  
Single 0.76 [0.53-1.08] 1.31 [0.90-1.91] 0.47 [0.34-0.64]* 1.11 [0.82-1.50]
Divorced/separated 0.69 [0.38-1.26] 0.88 [0.53-1.47] 0.81 [0.56-1.16] 1.28 [0.95-1.72]
Widowed 0.90 [0.51-1.58] 1.57 [1.12-2.21]* 1.59 [0.99-2.53] 0.97 [0.73-1.30]
Nationality Luxembourgers 1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)  
French 0.77 [0.41-1.48] 0.46 [0.19-1.12] 0.71 [0.43-1.19] 0.43 [0.23-0.79]*
German 1.30 [0.56-3.01] 1.71 [0.76-3.88] 1.23 [0.66-2.32] 1.30 [0.76-2.20]
Others 0.87 [0.60-1.26] 1.20 [0.84-1.71] 1.10 [0.85-1.41] 0.86 [0.67-1.11]
Portuguese 0.62 [0.36-1.06] 0.90 [0.56-1.43] 0.82 [0.60-1.12] 1.30 [0.97-1.75]
Educational level Tertiary 1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)  
Primary 1.45 [0.99-2.13] 5.03 [2.29-1.07]* 0.76 [0.54-1.06] 2.06 [1.43-2.98]*
Secondary 1.02 [0.71-1.47] 2.36 [1.07-5.20]* 0.86 [0.65-1.14] 2.08 [1.48-2.92]*
Profession Managers and intellectual Professions 1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)  
Agricultural workers/Craftsmen/Workers/No profession 1.36 [0.91-2.02] 2.61 [1.06-6.47]* 2.79 [1.93-4.02]* 1.19 [0.79-1.81]
Employed 1.07 [0.58-1.96] 2.03 [0.76-5.46] 2.44 [1.58-3.79]* 0.55 [0.34-0.90]*
Intermediate Professions 1.20 [0.76-1.88] 1.66 [0.59-4.65] 2.64 [1.79-3.90]* 0.80 [0.50-1.29]
Place of residence Luxembourg-city 1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)  
Centre- North 0.84 [0.51-1.37] 1.23 [0.78-1.95] 1.51 [1.07-2.13]* 1.10 [0.77-1.58]
Centre- South 1.09 [0.77-1.53] 1.09 [0.78-1.52] 0.99 [0.75-1.30] 1.35 [1.04-1.76]*
East 0.94 [0.59-1.50] 1.93 [1.26-2.94]* 1.03 [0.72-1.47] 1.50 [1.05-2.13]*
North 2.27 [1.21-4.24]* 0.78 [0.35-1.76] 1.97 [1.31-2.95]* 1.20 [0.77-1.87]
West 1.15 [0.69-1.91] 1.13 [0.68-1.88] 1.84 [1.24-2.72]* 1.73 [1.16-2.58]*
Physical activity Yes 1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)    1 (ref.)
No 1.54 [1.19-1.98]* 1.18 [0.88-1.58] 1.80 [1.49-2.18]* 1.78 [1.48-2.15]*
Diet Balanced 1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)   1 (ref.)  
Unbalanced 2.19 [1.60-3.00]* 2.06 [1.48-2.87]* 1.99 [1.54-2.57]* 1.62 [1.23-2.15]*
No know 0.95 [0.54-1.67] 2.47 [1.43-4.25]* 1.35 [0.73-2.51] 0.94 [0.47-1.91]
R 2 adjusted   R 2 0.0821 R 2 0.1060 R 2 0.1341 R 2 0.1328     
  1. Results are expressed as Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI). Statistical analysis was performed by multivariate logistic regression.
  2. (*) indicated that OR were statistically significant at 95% CI.