Skip to main content

Table 3 Prevalence (%) of hypertension (systolic ≥130 mm Hg or diastolic ≥ 80 mm Hg) and means with standard deviations (SD) blood pressure in Assyrians/Syrians and Swedes by ethnicity and explanatory variables and test of differences in distribution by ethnicity (chi2)

From: Hypertriglyceridemic waist may explain ethnic differences in hypertension among patients with type 2 diabetes in Sweden

Variables Prevalence of hypertension  
  Swedish-born Assyrian/Syrian-born P value
Totals 77.0 58.0 0.001*
Age
32–59 76.0 46.4 0.004
60–69 66.0 67.0 0.939
≥70 88.0 72.4 0.103
Sex    
Women 80.0 56.1 0.007
Men 74.0 60.0 0.065
Body mass index    
Normal <25 75.0 50.0 0.134
Overweight 25.0–29.9 74.0 51.2 0.025
Obese ≥ 30 80.0 63.0 0.039
Abdominal obesity    
Women (>88) 80.0 56.5 0.011
Men (>102) 79.0 60.5 0.079
Alcohol consumption
High 100.0 75.0 0.236
Moderate 76.0 57.4 0.014
Low 72.2 57.4 0.237
Medication (yes) 79.3 79.6 0.960
Elevated total cholesterol
(≥4.5 mmol/L) 83.1 62.0 0.003
Elevated HbA1c    
(>6%) 80.4 67.0 0.099
Elevated triglycerides
(≥1.7 mmol/L) 80.3 70.4 0.192
Systolic/diastolic Mean (SD) 142.4 (19.0) / 82.0 (13.3) 135.1 (17.0)/78.6 (11.4) 0.0002/0.025
HyperTG waist†
Low WC + low TG 16.2 (24) 21.2 (31) 0.001
Low WC + high TG 11.5 (17) 6.2 (9)  
High WC + low TG 37.2 (55) 54.1 (79)  
High WC + high TG 35.1 (52) 18.5 (27)  
  1. *Bold-faced numbers are statistically significant and corrected for multiple statistical testing (<=0.005).
  2. †Low WC = ♂ ≤ 102 ♀ ≤ 88; Low TG = < 2.0; High WC = ♂ >102 ♀ >88 WC; High TG = ≥ 2.0.