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Table 2 Comparison of maternal and perinatal outcomes between non-diabetic women, and women with pre-existing diabetes mellitus

From: Pre-existing diabetes mellitus and adverse pregnancy outcomes

Characteristic Non-diabetic 2472 (95.5) Pre-existing Diabetes Mellitus 116 (4.5) OR (95%CI) P value
Emergency C/S 340 (13.8) 28 (24.1) 2.67(1.64-4.32) < 0.001
Elective C/S 125 (5.1) 26 (22.4) 6.73(3.99-11.31) < 0.001
APGAR scores at 5 min <7 42 (1.7) 5 (4.3) 2.61(0.89-7.05) 0. 057
Birth weight 3120.14 ±578.18 3227.34 ± 804.88   < 0.001
Macrsomia 76 (3.1) 13 (11.2) 3.97 (2.14-7.40) < 0.001
IUFD 32 (1.3) 4 (3.4) 2.62 (0.78-7.96) 0.084
Mean gestation age at delivery (weeks) 38.67 ± 2.295 37.28 ± 2.812   <0.001
Delivery < 37 weeks 222 (9) 21(18.1) 2.24 (1.37- 3.67) 0.003
  1. OR = Odd Ratio, CI = Confidence intervals, C/S = Cesarean section, IUFD = Intra-uterine fetal death. Data expressed as means +/- standard deviation or number (%).