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Table 3 Socio-demographic characteristics of MWHs and their association with hepatitis viruses infection at Gondar town Health institutions, 2011

From: Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses among medical waste handlers at Gondar town Health institutions, Northwest Ethiopia

Characteristics Total (N = 100) HBV or HCV positive (n = 7) Negative for both HBV and HCV (n = 93) RR(Risk ratio 95% CI) P-value
Gender      
   Male 4(4%) 1(14%) 3(3%) 1.0  
   Female 96(96%) 6(86%) 90(96%) 4.0(0.62-25) 0.25*
Age in year      
   ≤ 35 53(53%) 4(57%) 49(53%) 1.0  
   > 35 47(47%) 3(43%) 44(47%) 1.18(0.28-5.0) 1.00
Marital status      
   Married 47(47%) 4(57%) 43(46%) 1.0  
   Unmarried 53(53%) 3(43%) 50(54%) 1.5(0.35-6.4) 0.70
Educational level      
   Elementary and below 44(44%) 3(43%) 41(44%) 1.0  
   Secondary and above 56(56%) 4(57%) 52(56%) 0.95(0.23-4.04) 1.00
Economic status      
   Low 54(54%) 4(57%) 50(54%) 1.0  
   Medium 46(46%) 3(43%) 43(46%) 1.14 1.00
Years of services      
   < 15 years 67(76%) 6(86%) 61(66%) 1.0  
   > 15 years 33(33%) 1(14%) 32(34%) 2.95(0.37-23.5) 0.42
Institution      
   Hospital 85(85%) 7(100%) 78(84%) 0.92(0.86-0.98) 0.59
   Health centers 15(15%) 0(0%) 15(16%) 1.0  
  1. *Fisher exact test
  2. N total sample size of MWHs
  3. n number of positive or negative for hepatitis virus