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Table 1 Anthropometric measurements and lipid levels according to gender and puberty stage in overweight schoolchildren

From: Dietary intake and blood lipid profile in overweight and obese schoolchildren

Variables Total (n=147) Boys (n=71) Girls (n=76) p-value Pre-pubertal (n=98)** Pubertal (n=49) p-value
  Mean(SD) Mean(SD)   Mean(SD)  
Age (years) 7.9(1.4) 7.9(1.5) 7.9(1.4) 0.88 7.5(1.3) 8.9(1.0) 0.000
Body weight (kg) 40.3(10.7) 41.6(11.6) 39.1(9.7) 0.14 37.4(10.4) 46.2(8.8) 0.000
Height (cm) 134.1(10.4) 135.3(10.6) 132.9(10.2) 0.18 130.6(9.6) 141.1(8.2) 0.000
WC (cm) 71.3(9.2) 72.8(10.2) 70.0(8.0) 0.07 69.6(9.3) 74.9(7.9) 0.000
Body fat (%) 28.7(6.2) 29.1(7.0) 28.3(5.5) 0.43 27.8(6.8) 30.5(4.5) 0.005
TC (mmol/L) 4.28(0.06) 4.26(0.08) 4.29(0.09) 0.81 4.29(0.07) 4.23(0.11) 0.654
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.26(0.02) 1.26(0.03) 1.25(0.04) 0.76 1.29(0.03) 1.19(0.03) 0.044
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.55(0.05) 2.52(0.07) 2.58(0.07) 0.58 2.55(0.05) 2.54(0.1) 0.791
TG (mmol/L) 1.03(0.05) 1.04(0.07) 1.03(0.06) 0.94 0.98(0.05) 1.12(0.21) 0.177
  Number and percentage of schoolchildren n(%)
BMI(≥85th and <95th percentile)1 55 (37.4) 21(29.6) 34(44.7) --- 37(37.8) 18(36.7) ---
BMI (≥95th percentile)1 92(62.6) 50(70.4) 42(55.3) --- 61(62.2) 31(63.3) ---
  1. BMI: body mass index; HDL-C: high density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C: low density lipoprotein cholesterol; SD: standard deviation; TC: total cholesterol; TG: triglycerides; WC: waist circumference.
  2. **The comparison between pre-pubertal and pubertal children was ajusted by age (Tukey Test).
  3. 1: percentages of children according BMI classification by gender and puberty stage (only descriptive results).