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Table 1 Illustration of the Life Sciences’ many synonymous and polysemous terms

From: Jointly creating digital abstracts: dealing with synonymy and polysemy

Official term or gene symbol Synonyms Ontology or term list
AT3G48750 CDC2, CDC2A, CDC2AAT, CDK2, CDKA1, CDKA;1, Cell Division Control 2, … A. thaliana
AT1G52340 ABA Deficient 2, ATABA2, ATSDR1, GIN1, Glucose Insensitive 1, Impaired Sucrose Induction 4, ISI4, Salt Resistant 1, SDR1, SIS4, SRE1, Sugar-Insensitive 4, … A. thaliana
CDK2 Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2 H. sapiens
ABCC8 MRP8, HI, PHHI, SUR1, ABC36, HHF1, … H. sapiens
S100A8 MRP8, P8, 60B8AG, CGLA, CAGA, CFAG H. sapiens
AATK AATYK, KIAA0641, LMTK1, LMR1, … H. sapiens
LMR1 Leishmaniasis Resistance 1 M. musculus
LMR1 CHLREDRAFT_184328 C. reinhardtii
Fruit achene, berry, capsule, caryopsis, circumcissile capsule, cypsela, drupe, follicle, grain, nut, pod, poricidal capsule, silicula, siliqua, silique, … Plant Ontology
nodal root crown root, seminal root Plant Ontology
erythrocyte red blood cell, RBC Cell Type
  1. Many gene aliases and synonyms as used in literature. Terms in bold highlight polysemy conflicts, esp. some terms that are official gene symbols in two species. Note that ‘silique’ is a term used in Arabidopsis research to refer to the plant’s dry seed pods, although the official PO term is ‘fruit’. For A. thaliana we queried TAIR[18], for H. sapiens: HUGO[19], for M. musculus (mouse) and C. reinhardtii: NCBI[20], for Plant Ontology: PO[21], for Cell Type: OLS[22, 23].