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Table 2 Health behaviour in the study sample by sex

From: Health-related locus of control and health behaviour among university students in North Rhine Westphalia, Germany

   Female N=1699 Male N=1522  
Health behaviour   N % N % p-value
Smoking Non-smoker 1081 63.6 918 60.3 0.145
  Ex-smoker 219 12.9 228 15.0
  Smoker 378 22.2 341 22.4
  Missing 21 1.2 35 2.3
Alcohol Never 16 0.9 65 4.3 <0.001
  Less than once a week 673 39.6 305 20.0
  Once a week 470 27.7 394 25.9
  Several times every week 334 19.7 638 41.9
  At least every day 16 0.9 65 4.3
  Missing 7 0.4 11 0.7
Drug consumption No drug intake 1539 90.6 1275 83.8 <0.001
  Drug intake 117 6.9 198 13.0
  Missing 43 2.5 49 3.2
BMI Underweight 129 7.6 18 1.2 <0.001
  Normal weight 1305 76.8 1137 74.7
  Overweight 205 12.1 352 23.1
  Missing 60 3.5 15 1.0
Physical activity at least 3 times a week 539 31.7 780 51.2 <0.001
  1 to 2 times a week 691 40.7 463 30.4
  Less than once a week 461 27.1 263 17.3
  Missing 8 0.5 16 1.1
Importance of healthy nutrition Very important 429 25.3 292 19.2 <0.001
  Somewhat important 825 48.6 596 39.2
  Important 374 22.0 432 28.4
  Somewhat unimportant 59 3.5 142 9.3
  Very unimportant 10 0.6 52 3.4
  Missing 2 0.1 8 0.5