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Table 2 Description of study participants and full blood count in both ethnic groups at two time points of malaria transmission season

From: Haematological parameters, natural regulatory CD4 + CD25 + FOXP3+ T cells and γδ T cells among two sympatric ethnic groups having different susceptibility to malaria in Burkina Faso

  Low Transmission Season High Transmission Season
  Fulani ethnic group (n = 44) Mossi ethnic group (n = 42) p ** value Fulani ethnic group (n = 73) Mossi ethnic group (n = 60) p ** value
  % (95% CI)* % (95% CI)*   % (95% CI)* % (95% CI)*  
Male/Female 0.85 0.94 0.76 0.78 0.94 0.61
Mean age yrs* 33.9 (32.1-35.6) 34.9 (32.1-37.7) 0.56 33.0 (31.3-34.8) 33.3 (30.7-36.1) 0.52
Prevalence* 0,02 12.2 (1.7-22.7) 0.02 8.8 (1.9-15.7) 27.1 (15.4-38.0) < 0.01
WBC (×103) 5.2 (4.6-5.7) 5.7 (5.3-6.1) 0.10 5.3 (4.9-5.6) 6.1 (5.7-6.5) 0.001
RBC (×106) 4.7 (4.5-4.8) 4.7 (4.6-4.9) 0.65 4.5 (4.3-4.6) 4.6 (4.4-4.7) 0.30
Haemoglobin 12.8 (12.1-13.5) 13.4 (12.8-13.9) 0.22 12,1 (11.5-12.7) 13.0 (12.6-13.5) 0.01
Platelets (103) 217 (192.6-241.4) 209 (188-232) 0.66 182 (164-200) 199 (178-221) 0.21
Neutrophils (103) 2.2 (1,8-2.5) 2.0 (1.8-2.2) 0.40 2.3 (2.1-2.6) 2.6 (2.3-2.8) 0.15
Lymphocytes (103) 2.3 (2.0-2.5) 2.7 (2.5-3.0) < 0.01 2.2 (2.0-2.4) 2.6 (2.4-2.8) 0.01
Monocytes (103) 0.4 (0.3-0.4) 0.4 (0.4-0.5) 0.40 0.4 (0.3-0.4) 0.6 (0.5-0.6) < 0.001
Basophils (103) 0.04 (0.03-0.05) 0.04 (0.04-0.05) 0.31 0.04 (0.03-0.04) 0.04 (0.04-0.05) 0.30
Eosinophils (103) 0.3 (0.3-0.4) 0.5 (0.3-0.7) 0.03 0.3 (0.2-0.3) 0.3 (0.3-0.4) 0.30
  1. *95% CI, **p values calculated using the Student's t-test