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Table 2 Anthropometric and metabolic indices of both population

From: Anthropometric differences among natives of Abuja living in urban and rural communities: correlations with other cardiovascular risk factors

Variable Rural men n = 173 (Mean ± SD) Urban men n = 163 (Mean ± SD) P-value Rural women n = 159 (Mean ± SD) Urban women n = 172 (Mean ± SD) P-value
Weight(Kg) 60.87 ± 8.28 67.06 ± 9.43 <0.001 57.93 ± 9.00 70.28 ± 14.05 <0.001
Height(m) 1.62 ± 0.07 1.61 ± 0.07 0.41 1.58 ± 0.08 1.57 ± 0.08 3.41
BMI (kg/m2) 23.17 ± 2.93 25.70 ± 3.19 <0.001 23.02 ± 3.17 27.83 ± 5.92 <0.001
Waist Circumference (cm) 81.46 ± 7.14 87.69 ± 11.66 <0.001 81.14 ± 7.95 92.36 ± 12.46 <0.001
Abdominal Height (cm) 17.92 ± 2.22 19.36 ± 3.76 <0.001 18.78 ± 2.29 19.85 ± 4.45 <0.001
Waist-height ratio (%) 50.36 ± 5.13 54.01 ± 7.00 <0.001 51.26 ± 5.46 58.07 ± 9.96 <0.001
Skin fold thickness(mm)       
  Biceps 3.09 ± 1.39 6.89 ± 3.63 <0.001 3.68 ± 2.23 7.98 ± 3.68 <0.001
  Triceps 4.89 ± 3.69 10.53 ± 4.51 <0.001 5.62 ± 2.37 12.84 ± 11.05 <0.001
  Sub scapular 7.78 ± 1.98 13.01 ± 4.29 <0.001 8.13 ± 2.75 13.44 ± 4.22 <0.001
  Abdominal 7.60 ± 3.07 13.44 ± 4.95 <0.001 7.12 ± 2.84 14.38 ± 4.65 <0.001
  Superior iliac 7.05 ± 2.94 12.92 ± 4.83 <0.001 6.96 ± 3.11 15.03 ± 5.76 <0.001
  ∑5sf (mm)a 30.43 ± 9.20 48.92 ± 19.70 <0.001 31.52 ± 10.07 59.04 ± 24.04 <0.001
  Central SF(mm) 22.44 ± 6.71 33.91 ± 13.43 <0.001 22.21 ± 7.51 39.55 ± 14.34 <0.001
  Peripheral SF(mm) 7.99 ± 4.46 15.00 ± 7.55 <0.001 9.30 ± 4.29 19.48 ± 13.61 <0.001
SBP (mmHg) 115 ± 14 123 ± 19 <0.001 111 ± 15 122 ± 21 <0.001
DBP (mmHg) 74 ± 8 79 ± 13 0.001 71 ± 10 75 ± 14 0.007
RHR 77 ± 11 80 ± 13 0.084 71 ± 11 76 ± 11 <0.001
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 3.56 ± 0.83 3.78 ± 0.25 0.044 3.55 ± 1.14 3.94 ± 2.44 0.067
Cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.25 ± 0.86 3.20 ± 0.81 0.604 3.06 ± 084 3.41 ± 1.08 0.001
Triglyceride (mmol/l) 1.40 ± 0.37 1.71 ± 0.54 <0.001 1.47 ± 0.43 1.48 ± 0.38 0.94
LDL-C (mmol/l) 1.36 ± 0.77 0.94 ± 0.69 <0.001 1.15 ± 0.78 1.24 ± 0.99 0.373
HDL-C (mmol/l) 1.24 ± 0.37 1.48 ± 0.46 <0.001 1.23 ± 0.34 1.49 ± 0.43 <0.001
  1. SD = standard deviation, SF = skinfold thickness, ∑5sf = Sum of 5 skinfold thickness, BMI = Body Mass Index.
  2. SBP = systolic blood pressure, DBP = diastolic blood pressure, RHR = resting heart rate, LDL-C = low density lipoprotein cholesterol.
  3. HDL-C = high density lipoprotein cholesterol.