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Table 3 Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors

From: Anthropometric differences among natives of Abuja living in urban and rural communities: correlations with other cardiovascular risk factors

Variable Rural (n = 332) (n/%) Urban (n = 335) (n/%) Statistics*    
    χ2 RR 95% CI P-value
Hypertension 16 (4.8) 58 (17.3) 26.39 0.87 0.82-0.92 <0.001
Diabetes 3 (0.9) 9 (2.7) 3.0 0.33 0.09-1.23 0.083 (NS)
IFG 2 (0.6) 5 (1.5) 71.30 0.40 0.077-2.07 0.451 (NS)§
Overweight 60 (18.1) 164 (49.0) 46.64 0.62 0.55-0.70 <0.001
Obesity 9 (2.7) 61 (18.2) 2.78 0.84 0.79-0.88 <0.001
Dyslipidaemia 156 (47.0) 136 (40.6) 3.13 0.86 0.73-1.03 0.096 (NS)
  Cholesterol 15 (4.5) 7 (2.1) 9.14 2.23 0.898-5.54 0.077 (NS)
  Triglyceride 72 (21.8) 108 (32.1) 0.97 0.59 0.415-0.83 0.003
  LDL-C 11 (3.3) 7 (2.1) 0.041 1.62 0.619-4.22 0.323 (NS)
  HDL-C 88 (26.6) 87 (25.9) 21.83 1.04 0.734-1.46 0.839 (NS)
Alcohol 57 (17.2) 19 (5.7) 40.27 0.33 0.20-0.54 <0.001
Smoking 69 (20.8) 15 (4.5) 43.23 0.21 0.13-0.37 <0.001
  1. * comparing proportion of urban and rural dwellers in each group.
  2. RR-Relative risk, CI- confidence interval; IFG-Impaired fasting glucose, §-fisher’s exact p-value.
  3. NS-Not significant.