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Table 4 Correct answers for the OKAT at test and re-test among the study sample

From: The reliability of the Arabic version of osteoporosis knowledge assessment tool (OKAT) and the osteoporosis health belief scale (OHBS)

Item % Correct answers at test % Correct answers at re-test  
1. Osteoporosis leads to an increased risk of bone fractures. 98% 94% 1.0
2. Osteoporosis usually causes symptoms (e.g. pain) before fractures occur. 9% 27% 0.002
3. Having a higher peak bone mass at the end of childhood gives no protection against the development of osteoporosis in later life. 27% 29% 0.557
4. Osteoporosis is more common in men. 88% 85% 0.344
5. Cigarette smoking can contribute to osteoporosis. 49% 44% 0.167
6. White women are at highest risk of fracture as compared to other races. 48% 50% 0.227
7. A fall is just as important as low bone strength in causing fractures. 47% 43% 1.0
8. By age 80, the majority of women have osteoporosis. 82% 82% 0.508
9. From age 50, most women can expect at least one fracture before they die. 55% 66% 0.267
10. Any type of physical activity is beneficial for osteoporosis. 30% 45% 0.061
11. It is easy to tell whether I am at risk of osteoporosis by my clinical risk factors. 48% 47% 0.690
12. Family history of osteoporosis strongly predisposes a person to osteoporosis. 58% 51% 0.442
13. An adequate calcium intake can be achieved from two glasses of milk a day. 68% 75% 0.845
14. Sardines and broccoli are good sources of calcium for people who cannot take dairy products. 53% 51% 0.041
15. Calcium supplements alone can prevent bone loss. 58% 56% 0.327
16. Alcohol in moderation has little effect on osteoporosis. 18% 23% 0.383
17. A high salt intake is a risk factor for osteoporosis. 41% 39% 0.332
18. There is a small amount of bone loss in the ten years following the onset of menopause. 4% 31% 0.000
19. Hormone therapy prevents further bone loss at any age after menopause. 42% 30% 0.200
20. There are no effective treatments for osteoporosis available in “Syria”*. 25% 39% 0.210
  1. *Originally Australia [10].