Categorization and distribution of witnessed remarks and behaviors. This graph represents the thematic categorization and distribution of student responses about witnessed disparaging remarks and offensive or intimidating behavior directed toward minority groups. Specifically, the graph depicts the number of free-text comments falling into 7 thematic areas derived de novo after content analysis of open-ended responses to the question, “Please comment on the nature of [any witnessed negative] remarks or [offensive or intimidating] behaviors and the context in which they took place. For example, were the remarks made in the classroom or clinical setting? Were the remarks or behaviors directed towards patients, students, staff, faculty or someone else? Who (student or resident) was responsible for the remarks or behaviors?”.