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Table 3 ART adherence in patients with and without worries, and those with selected specific worries stratified by duration on ART

From: Patients’ worries before starting antiretroviral therapy and their association with treatment adherence and outcomes: a prospective study in rural Uganda, 2004 - 2009

ART adherence Worries reported at first assessment for ART eligibility
No worry One worry or more One worry or more
HIV status disclosure Nutrition Condoms use Use of other medication ART adherence ART side effects
n=110 n=205 n=54 n=38 n=23 n=26 n=19 n=19
No of participants: n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
  Eligible but not yet started ART 6 (5) 10 (5) 3 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (8) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  Started < 12 months ago 28 (25) 46 (22) 12 (22) 9 (24) 4 (17) 6 (23) 2 (11) 7 (37)
  Started 12-24 months 24 (22) 29 (14) 7 (13) 7 (18) 6 (26) 3 (12) 3 (16) 1 (5)
  Completed 24 months 52 (47) 120 (59) 32 (59) 22 (58) 13 (57) 15 (58) 14 (74) 11 (58)
Patients who had completed 12 months on ART 76 149 39 29 19 18 17 12
No of scheduled visits in first year                 
   <9 visits 31 (41) 55 (37) 14 (36) 6 (21) 9 (47) 6 (33) 6 (35) 5 (42)
   9-10 visits 20 (26) 45 (30) 12 (31) 12 (41) 3 (16) 3 (17) 7 (41) 5 (42)
   11 or more 25 (33) 49 (33) 13 (33) 11 (38) 7 (37) 9 (50) 4 (24) 2 (17)
Self-reported ART adherence
Late for appointment at least oncea 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Missed doses in 4 days prior to visit 18 (24) 27 (18) 8 (21) 3 (10) 4 (21) 5 (28) 3 (18) 3 (25)
Missed doses in weekend prior to visit 0 0   0   0   0   0    0 0   
Patients who had completed 24 months on ART 52 120 32 22 13 15 14 11
No of scheduled visits #   *               
   <20 22 (42) 60 (50) 17 (53) 9 (41) 6 (46) 6 (40) 5 (36) 7 (64)
   20-22 27 (52) 34 (28) 7 (22) 9 (41) 4 (31) 3 (20) 6 (43) 3 (27)
   ≥23 3 (6) 26 (22) 8 (25) 4 (18) 3 (23) 6 (40) 3 (21) 1 (9)
Self-reported ART adherence
Late for appointment at least once 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Missed doses in 4 days prior to visit 19 (37) 38 (32) 14 (44) 6 (27%) 4 (31) 3 (20) 4 (29) 3 (27)
Missed doses in weekend prior to visit 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. Note: comparisons are between those with one or more worries and those with no worry, and also between those with a particular worry and all those without that particular worry.
  2. a 4 missing data for all adherence data (late appointments, missed doses) in the first year.
  3. * p<0.01.
  4. # Comparisons using chi-squared test on 2 degrees of freedom, comparing the percentage in each of the three categories.