Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Comparison of ART outcomes after 1 year between those with one or more worries and those without any worry at the first eligibility assessment

From: Patients’ worries before starting antiretroviral therapy and their association with treatment adherence and outcomes: a prospective study in rural Uganda, 2004 - 2009

ART outcomes Worries reported at assessment for ART eligibility
No worry One worry or more Specific worries
   HIV status disclosure Nutrition Condoms use Use of other medication ART Adherence ART side effects
n=104 n=195 n=54 n=38 n=23 n=26 n=19 n=19
Total with CD4 counts after ART eligibility 63 134 32 22 14 18 15 11
Mean CD4 counts increase (per year) (95% CI) 162 199 112 127 97 363 189 156
(112-211) (129-270) (80-145) (87-167) (42-151) (-19-746) (56-322) (-31-343)
Median CD4 increase 92 114 73 112 74 122 115 168
(IQR) (47-212) (41-213) (41-183) (46-215) (40-106) (59-210) (33-232) (73-237)
Total with viral loads 54 126 33 24 14 16 15 12
CD4 count > 100 after ART start 42 (78%) 95 (75%) 23 (70%) 16 (67%) 10 (71%) 10 (63%) 15 (100%) 12 (100%)
Annual decrease in median log VL (IQR) 0.01 −0.10* −0.24* 0.04* 0.18 0.17 −0.14 0.05
(-0.10-0.12) (-0.19 - -0.02) (-0.41 - -0.07) (-0.12 - -0.21) (0.01-0.35) (0.12 - 0.33) (-0.49 - 0.20) (-0.02 - 0.30)
Number who started ART 104 195 51 38 23 24 19 19
Substituted / switched ART 29 (28%) 53 (27%) 16 (31%) 7 (18%) 6 (26%) 8 (33%) 3 (16%) 7 (37%)
Died 19 (18%) 13 (7%) 5 (10%) 4 (11%) 1 (4%) 1 (4%) 0 (0) 1 (5%)
  1. *p<0.05 Note: Comparisons are between those with one or more worries and those with no worry, and also between those with a particular worry and all those without that particular worry.