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Table 2 The effects of Cosmos caudatus and calcium on cellular histomorphometry parameters in ovariectomized rats

From: The effects of Cosmos caudatus (ulam raja) on dynamic and cellular bone histomorphometry in ovariectomized rats

Cellular parameters Sham OVX Ca CC
Osteoblast surface (%) 30.92 ± 8.78 8.75 ± 5.15* 55.32 ± 10.2# 70.4 ± 7.78#
Osteoclast surface (%) 52.43 ± 12.59 65.56 ± 13.04 62.96 ± 6.68 36.12 ± 1.11
Eroded surface (%) 12.32 ± 6.00 38.89 ± 14.70 36.53 ± 9.15 22.62 ± 4.66
Osteoid volume (%) 13.13 ± 1.92 4.54 ± 2.46* 8.66 ± 1.07 18.27 ± 0.53#@
Osteoid surface (%) 72.95 ± 2.66 51.29 ± 3.43 63.08 ± 5.62 71.85 ± 7.09
  1. Sham sham-operated rats.
  2. OVX ovariectomized rats.
  3. Ca ovariectomized rats supplemented with 1% calcium.
  4. CC ovariectomized rats supplemented with 500 mg/kg Cosmos caudatus.
  5. * significant vs sham group (p < 0.05).
  6. # significant vs OVX group (p < 0.05).
  7. @ significant vs Ca 1% (p < 0.05).
  8. Data is presented as mean ± S.E.M.